Welfare Reform: Age

Summary

In the main, the populations most affected by the impact of Welfare Reform, are those of working age and in particular those of working age with a disability

This information should also be viewed with specific consideration to the characteristics covered within welfare reform:

Due to the overlapping issues which contribute to poverty, this section should also be viewed in conjunction with the following:

 

Key Facts and Figures

Since 2001, Glasgow has experienced significant changes in the age profile of its residents.

Age group Pop. of Glasgow (2011) % of total pop. of Glasgow (2011) % change since 2001 % change in Scotland since 2001
0–15 95,627 18.4 -10.2 -5.7
16–29 144,766 21.2 +18 +10.7
30–44 129,266 23.7 -5.6 -9.2
45–64 141,421 20.9 +16.8 +17.4
65+ 82,165 15.7 -9.4 +10.6
Total population 593,245   +2.7 +4.6

Source: Census Scotland 2011

Based on 2011/12 figures, payments to pensioners make up approximately 52% of the total welfare budget.

Source: Improvement Service: Benefits Sanctions In Scotland; March 2014

Research by Citizens Advice Scotland (CAS) suggests the 45-59 age category account for 33% of people seeking support from food banks.

Source: CAS Short Briefing for the Welfare Reform Committee, April 2014

The relationship between increased usage of food banks and welfare reform has been widely debated at a local and national level. For more information, please see the Scottish Government’s recent work on the subject.

Source: Scottish Government. 2014. Food Banks and Welfare Reform

There are 91,500 JSA claimants in Glasgow.

Age No. of claimants %
16–24 10,750 12
25–49 47,220 51
50 and over 33,580 37

Source: DWP, Stat-Xplore, May 2014

As previously noted, JSA sanctions have affected young males disproportionately when considering the total number of sanctions issued throughout Scotland. The ethnic profile of those sanctioned reflects the broad demographic profile of Scotland, with the vast majority of individuals of white ethnicity.

Source: DWP, Stat-Xplore, May 2014