Welfare Reform: Race


Ethnic minority communities appear to experience lower outcomes within the labour market, at a Glasgow, Scotland and UK level. More broadly speaking, these communities have traditionally been marginalised across a range of social spheres.

This section should be viewed with specific consideration to the characteristics covered within welfare reform:

Due to the overlapping issues which contribute to poverty, this section should also be viewed in conjunction with the following:


Key Facts and Figures

The 2011 census highlights significant changes to the population of Glasgow:

  • Glasgow ethnic minorities have increased from 7.2% in 2001, to 15.4% in 2011 (41,900 to 91,600). This is significantly higher than the Scottish average (3.6% to 7.1%)
  • The other white population has increased the highest, +12,600, to 22,900, including 8,400 Polish people.
  • The Pakistani population has increased by 7,075 to 22,405.
  • The Chinese population has increased by 6,813, to 10,689
  • The Indian population has increased by 4,500, to 8,640.

Every ward in Glasgow has experienced an increase in diversity and two thirds of the cities wards are more diverse than Scotland.

Source: Scottish Government. 2014. An Overview of Equality Results from the 2011 census Release 2

47.7% of the cities ethnic minorities are in employment, significantly less than both the average for ethnic minority communities and Scotland average (56.1%).

Source: Annual Population Survey. 2013. Local Area Labour Market Statistics in Scotland.

In 2011/2012, 28% of minority ethnic groups in Scotland lived in poverty before housing costs, compared to 15% of White-British groups.

In 2011/2012, 24% of people from the Asian/Asian British Group lived in poverty. For the combined ‘Mixed’, ‘Black/Black British’, ‘Chinese’ and ‘Other’ group, the figure was 32%.

Ethnic minorities are nearly twice as likely, to live in poverty than the white population.

Source: Scottish Government. 2014. Poverty and Inequality in Scotland: 2012/2013

The above data demonstrates that ethnic minority communities suffer disproportionately from poverty. Subsequently, the impact of welfare reform can be considered as heightened within these social groups.