Research demonstrates the impact age has upon accessing the labour market. Statistical data presents people below the age of 24 as being significantly under-represented in employment figures, at both Glasgow and national levels.
Furthermore, UK wide data highlights the 18-21 age bracket as the only age group which has experienced a decrease in their median wage in the last 12 months.
However, an individuals’ age, operates in conjunction with a cross-section of characteristics. Therefore, we would suggest viewing this section with specific consideration to the following:
Issues surrounding accessing the labour market are also strongly related to the other work-streams within this review:
Key Facts and Figures: Glasgow
Since 2001, Glasgow has experienced significant changes in the age profile of its residents.
|Age group||Pop. of Glasgow (2011)||% of total pop. of Glasgow (2011)||% change since 2001||% change in Scotland since 2001|
The following table provides a detailed breakdown of employment rates, by age, within both Scotland and Glasgow.
|Glasgow employment rate (%)||Glasgow employment level||Scotland employment rate (%)||Scotland employment level|
|All aged 16 and over||52.9||261,900||57.8||2,481,300|
The data suggests those aged 16-24 face increased risks of poverty, due to their under-representation within the labour market. Young Glaswegians appear particularly at risk, with their employment rate 10 percentage points lower than the national average.
Those within the 50-64 age bracket are also significantly under-represented within the Glasgow labour market. With the cities employment rate around 13 percentage points lower than the national average.
The UK Labour Market
|Number of jobs (thousands)||Median weekly wage||Annual percentage change||Mean weekly wage||Annual percentage change|
UK wide data reinforces the difficulties faced by young people, highlighting the significant difference in median wage for those below the age of 22 in comparison to older age groups.
Although this may be representative of the junior roles held by young people, it should be noted that the 18-21 age bracket, is the only age bracket in which the median wage has decreased in the past 12 months.
To provide further context:
- Youth unemployment (16-24) is 20.6% is the highest of all age groups, but the least likely (11.6%) to be unemployed for 24 months or more.
- Put another way, approximately 4 in 10 young people are unemployed.
- The unemployment rate of 20.6% for young people in Scotland is 0.5 percentage points higher than the UK rate.
Since 2008, this rate has increased by 7.0 percentage points, higher than the UK rate of 5.1 over the same period.
Research funded by the DWP highlights age as explicitly and implicitly influencing employment procedures. Research involving 1190 business, produced the following figures:
- 31% reported age preferences or had age criteria for recruitment.
- 25% were provided with age data within their recruitment processes.
- Around 22% of respondents believed age affected job suitability.
Further anecdotal evidence suggests the likelihood of older people, particularly those in the 55+ bracket, of receiving in-work training pales in comparison to their younger counterparts.