Child Poverty: Overview

Contextual Information

Child poverty effects approximately 1/5th of children in Scotland today.  In Glasgow, this figure rises to 1/3rd of the child population.  This is more than double the rate of Aberdeen, and nearly twice the rate of Edinburgh.

In the UK, 2.5 million children live in damp homes, 1.5 million children live in households which cannot afford to heat them.

 

Age

Young people within Glasgow and Scotland are significantly under-represented within the labour market.  Glasgow in particular performs lower than the national average, by over 10 percentage points.

This raises a number of concerns.  Particularly in relation to young peoples access to the labour market, and subsequently, their ability to be self sufficient.  Whilst also raising issues regarding young parents.

 

Disability

In 2011/2012, 19% of households containing a disabled adult lived in poverty.  The figure for households with no disabled adults was 12%.

People who stated they had a long term, activity limiting health problem or disability were more likely to live in Scotland’s most deprived areas.

26.7% of people who reported either being limited a little, or lot, lived in Scotland’s 15% most deprived areas

 

Race

In 2011/2012, 28% of minority ethnic groups in Scotland lived in poverty before housing costs, compared to 15% of White-British groups.

In 2011/2012, 24% of people from the Asian/Asian British Group lived in poverty.  For the combined ‘Mixed’, ‘Black/Black British’, ‘Chinese’ and ‘Other’ group, the figure was 32%.

Ethnic minorities are nearly twice as likely to live in poverty than the white population.  Such disproportionate levels significantly increase the risk of child poverty for young people from ethnic minority backgrounds. 

 

Religion and Belief

Ethnicity has been widely demonstrated as an enhancing factor to child poverty throughout Glasgow, Scotland and the UK.  However, although research regarding the impact of religion and belief is less well documented, there is anecdotal evidence suggesting prejudice attitudes towards certain religious groups contribute to reduced social outcomes.

 

Sex

The risk of child poverty for single parent families has been widely research as a concerning issue throughout Glasgow, Scotland and the UK.  Save the Children (2013) suggest that around 90% of the 163,000 single parents in Scotland are women.

 

Sexual Orientation

At the current moment, Glasgow City Council does not have sufficiently robust research to detail within this section.  Further evidence will be provided, as and when it becomes available.