Welfare Reform: Overview

Contextual Information

Research demonstrates the role an individual’s geographic location has upon their experience of welfare reform.

For example, Calton (in Glasgow) will lose up to £880 per person of working age, whilst St Andrews (in Fife) will lose £180 in comparison.

 

Age

Research by Citizens Advice Scotland (CAS) suggests the 45-59 age category account for 33% of people seeking support from food banks.

Source: CAS Short Briefing for the Welfare Reform Committee, April 2014

 

Disability

Glasgow represents 2.2% of the overall ESA caseload within the whole UK with roughly 44,000 ESA cases. Again as Glasgow City represents approximately 1% of the UK population it is noticeable the rate of caseload reflects the higher prevalence of disability in the City.

 

Race

In 2011/2012, 24% of people from the Asian/Asian British Group lived in poverty. For the combined ‘Mixed’, ‘Black/Black British’, ‘Chinese’ and ‘Other’ group, the figure was 32%.

Ethnic minorities are nearly twice as likely, to live in poverty than the white population.

 

Religion and Belief

There is very little specific evidence is available regarding the impact of religion and belief, in regards to welfare reform.

Glasgow City Council will update this section as, and when, further research becomes available.

 

Sex

Research by Save the Children suggests around 90% of the 163,000 lone parents in Scotland are women. Considering the above figures, this would suggest women are disproportionally reliant upon certain benefits.

Subsequently, women may be disproportionately impacted by welfare reform. As due to their over-representation as lone parents, in conjunction with broader social issues, such as difficulty in accessing the labour market, women may not have access the same level of income or financial support as men.

 

Sexual Orientation

There is very little specific evidence is available regarding LGBT experiences of welfare reform.

Glasgow City Council will update this section as, and when, further research becomes available.